Roulette has a fascinating history dating back to pre-revolutionary France. But it wasn’t until this exciting casino table game crossed the Atlantic to the New World that its popularity soared. From its debut in Las Vegas, the beginning of online gaming, and now with live dealer games and mobile games, roulette is at the top. It is estimated that the precise origins of the game can be traced to Roman times. It was during that time that the records show that people shot arrows into spaces between a wheel, and made bets on the exact spot where the arrows would land.
In ancient China and Greece, games similar to roulette were also played. During the 17th century, there were two highly popular roulette variants. The English played a game with 42 holes on a circular table (20 odd, 20 even and two for the house). Italians played a game known as Hoka. This game simply required players to drop a ball into one of 40 holes. There were also three holes that were worth 0, and the house won if the ball landed in any of those holes. Since then, the French mathematician, Blaise Pascal, invented the roulette wheel (which means little wheel in French) and its popularity has spread throughout the world. European roulette became the main attraction in Monaco, and American roulette is the second most popular variant. Usually, roulette is more popular in Europe than on the American continent. The birth of the industryOnline casinos have generated massive interest in all variants of roulette, for players all over the world.
Since the game has French origins, many of the expressions used in roulette are derived from French. The terms included below apply to both American and European roulette.
- American wheel – this roulette wheel contains 38 numbers including 00. European roulette contains 37 numbers
- Dozen Bets – These bets are placed on vertical columns containing 12 numbers. They include (1-12), (13-24), and (25-36). The bet is paid at 2 to 1
- Square bets – these bets are placed on 4 numbers with payouts of 8 to 1
- Double zero – another name for American roulette
- European roulette – roulette table with 36 numbers and 0
- Double bets – bets with payouts of 1 to 1. These include first half / second half, odd / even and red / black
- Indoor bets – bets placed on the inside area of the roulette table, the numbers
- Outside bets – bets made anywhere outside the numbered area
- Street bets – these are outside bets placed on three numbers
Roulette is a game of luck where players compete against the house. The object of the game is to place a bet on the box where the ball is expected to land. Typically, the roulette tables in traditional casinos can accommodate up to 8 players. Once the ball has landed on the box, the winning bets will be paid. European roulette has 37 squares and American roulette wheels have 38 squares. Bets can be made on a number or groups of numbers, on red or white, odd or even, first half or second half before the ball drops. The roulette dealer will inform the players when no more bets can be placed. The house edge for European roulette is 2.7%, and for American roulette it is 5.26%.
The Martingale system requires its players to double their bets after losing, to recoup their losses. However, due to the limits of the table, and the size of the players’ bankroll, this may not be possible after multiple successive losses. The D’Alembert system requires its players to increase the bet size by 1 after each loss and to decrease their bet by 1 after each win. The James Bond system is for the high rollers and requires a minimum of € 200. It requires players to put 70% of the money on the high numbers, 20% on the low numbers, and 10% on the 0.
- The best bets in roulette are those that double the money bet
- In roulette, the focus should always be on your own game and not on what other players are doing
- Play roulette online for free before playing for real money